History and Heritage

Perak certainly has its long history and rich heritage which is a landmark to the state. As a country that is well known in other states in Malaysia, Perak was ahead in terms of tin mining, rubber, roads and railways. The name ‘Perak’ itself is derived from the Malay word, describing the wealth of its natural resources, namely tin.

After the Pangkor Treaty in 1874, Perak was placed under the British influence. Sultan was forced to accept a new British Resident who became an adviser to the Sultan. This important event has become a turning point and the beginning in the modern history of the state of feudal system and affect the Perak Sultanate which dates back to 1528. This change was triggered by the initial resistance Malay chiefs of Perak until J.W.W. Birch was killed in Pasir Salak in 1875, known as the Perak War.

In 1876, Taiping in Larut was used as the center of British administration in Perak. Taiping means ‘eternal peace’ in Chinese and this name was given by the British to replace the old name of another constituency. The British have tried to eliminate the city’s heritage and delete the golden rule of Long Jaafar and his son, the late Minister of Larut Ngah Ibrahim in year 1848-1874.

Kuala Kangsar was chosen as the Perak’s royal town by Sultan Idris Shah Mursyidul Azzam Shah. This election was actually intended to facilitate the British oversee the Malay chiefs in Perak state government. Unlike big cities in Perak, Kuala Kangsar is the only city and heritage center for the Perak’s Malays civilization.

Wealth tin in Kinta has given birth to the Ipoh city in the late 19th century. It is a major commercial center in Perak and was once the ‘Hub of Malaya’ back when Perak in its golden era. Japanese colonial period had transferred the state capital of Perak from Taiping to Ipoh. Ipoh is surrounded by tin mining towns such as Batu Gajah, Kampar and Gopeng.

In pursuing the country’s independence in 1957, Perak has been divided into 10 districts. According to the British town planning principles, each district has a district administrative center and it is equipped with the district office, city hall, police station, hospital, golf, the clock tower and the post office. These buildings are still standing and have been a witness to the political and economic changes of this blessed country. It also records the diversity of races in Perak.